Monolaurin: Benefits, Use, Dosing, Side Effects

Last Updated: August 21, 2019 | First Published: August 10, 2019

Reviewed by: Dr. Rosmy Barrios, M.D.

The Essential Guide to Monolaurin

Monolaurin may be the ultimate immune support supplement. Monolaurin benefits from some incredible research supporting its antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal properties. Can monolaurin, naturally derived from coconut, help?

Summary:

  • Monolaurin is derived from Lauric Acid which is found naturally in coconut oil and human breast milk

  • Monolaurin has been researched for its potential to inactivate various viruses, bacteria, yeast, and other microbes in vitro (in the lab) and in vivo (in the body)

  • Monolaurin can be taken as a dietary supplement in various forms and has been classified by the FDA as “Generally Regarded as Safe” (GRAS)

  • There are different considerations to when and how to take monolaurin, which include an introductory period to avoid a “Herxheimer reaction” as well as an ongoing maintenance dose

Contents:

Introduction to Monolaurin and Lauric Acid

What is Lauric Acid?

Lauric acid is a medium chain fatty acid which has been the subject of published research exploring the ability of the acid to disrupt various viruses, yeast and bacterial infections, skin conditions, among other ailments [Ref #1, 2]. Lauric can be derived from natural sources like coconut oil and palm kernel oil and is also found naturally in human breast milk. Because lauric acid can be a digestive irritant and not well tolerated when taken directly, Monolaurin is the supplement form taken by most looking for the beneficial properties of lauric acid.

Learn more about Lauric Acid

What Is Monolaurin?

Monolaurin (also known as glycerol monolaurate) is a medium chain fatty acid formed from Lauric Aacid. It is made from coconut or palm kernel oil, but also found naturally in mother’s breast milk. Monolaurin is commonly used in food production and as a dietary supplement due to its antiviral, antibacterial, and antimicrobial properties. Monolaurin has been widely tested and researched for its effects on enveloped viruses including Herpes, Epstein-Barr, and Influenza, as well as bacterial and yeast infections [Ref# 3, 4, 5].

Learn more about Monolaurin’s Top 10 benefits.

Is Monolaurin Safe?

Monolaurin is included on the FDA's Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) list [Ref #6] and is already widely used in food manufacturing today. Monolaurin occurs naturally in mother's breast milk and is manufactured for commercial use from coconut oil or palm kernel oil.

How is Monolaurin Made?

Monolaurin is made from extracting the lauric acid from coconut oil either by enzymatic hydrolysis, centrifugation, and distillation [Ref #7] or the combination of cold pressed coconut oil with purified glycerol via a shaking incubator [Ref #8]. The final output is a glyceride in the form of a soapy white powder called glycerol monolaurate (Monolaurin). This substance can then be encapsulated and used as a dietary supplement or for other food / cosmetic purposes.

What’s the difference between Monolaurin and Coconut Oil?

Coconut oil naturally contains around 40-50% Lauric Acid, the principal compound used to make Monolaurin. Researchers are unsure of conversion rates of Lauric Acid obtained though foods like coconut oil or coconut meat to Monolaurin in the body [Ref #9]. Because of this fact, it is unknown how much coconut oil or coconut meat one would need to consume to receive a therapeutic dose of Monolaurin. Some articles suggest it may be upwards of 100-300mL of coconut oil per day, making ingesting coconut oil unrealistic compared to Monolaurin capsules [Ref #10].

How does Monolaurin work?

Monolaurin works by destroying lipid-coated viruses such as herpes, cytomegalovirus, influenza, and various pathogenic bacteria and protozoa [Ref #1, 2, 3, 11, 12].

Monolaurin works by binding to the lipid-protein envelope of the virus, thereby preventing it from attaching and entering host cells, making infection and replication impossible [Ref #2]. Other studies show that Monolaurin disintegrates the protective viral envelope, killing the virus. [Ref #13]

Read more about Monolaurin Research involving viruses and bacteria.

What is Monolaurin used for?

Monolaurin is used in the food production and cosmetics industries and is also taken as a dietary supplement. There is a large body of research which covers Monolaurin benefits through in vitro and in vivo studies – select excerpts can be found on the Monolaurin Research page.

Monolaurin Benefits & Immune System Support

A complete list of academic studies on Monolaurin along with select excerpts (including official citations) are available on the Monolaurin Research Page. Below are some curated samples of published research as it relates to various diseases.

Monolaurin and Viruses

Monolaurin studies show in-vitro the ability to inactivate a wide range of DNA and RNA enveloped viruses by breaking down the outer lipid membrane and destroying the virus.

“Monolaurin is lauric acid but in a safe form for human ingestion and performs the exact same anti-microbial function. From the study, it is seen that lauric acid destroys lipid coated viruses by binding to the lipid protein envelope of virus thereby preventing it from attaching and entering host cells, this kills the viral envelope seen as no growth sign in our observations, thereby killing the virus.”

  • Taken from: Ezigbo, Veronica O., Mbaegbu Emmanuella A. Extraction of Lauric Acid from Coconut Oil, Its Applications and Health Implications On Some Microorganisms. African Journal of Education, Science and Technology, April, 2016 Vol 3, No. 2 p144-147

"Antiviral fatty acids were found to affect the viral envelope, causing leakage and at higher concentrations, a complete disintegration of the envelope and the viral particles. They also caused disintegration of the plasma membranes of tissue culture cells resulting in cell lysis and death."

  • Taken from: Thormar H, Isaacs CE, Brown HR, Barshatzky MR, Pessolano T. Inactivation of enveloped viruses and killing of cells by fatty acids and monoglycerides. AntimicrobialAgents and Chemotherapy. 1987 Jan;31(1):27-31.

Monolaurin and Bacteria

Monolaurin has demonstrated antibacterial effects in vitro and in vivo against several bacteria (both Gram Positive and Gram Negative) including Staphylococus aureus (Staph, MRSA), yeast, and protozoa by disintegrating the cell membrane and blocking signal transduction.

"In the presence of Monolaurin... monolaurate had the highest bactericidal activity against E. coli and other Gram-negative bacteria… It may be concluded from various experimental results that the transport of monolaurin into the cell membrane of E. coli was stimulated by the action of citric or polyphosphoric acid"

  • Taken from: Kabara JJ. The Pharmacological Effect of Lipids. Champaign, Ill, USA: American Oil Chemist’s Society; 1978. Page 92

"Our data indicate that C(12) (lauric acid) is the most inhibitory saturated fatty acid against gram-positive organisms"

  • KabaraTaken from: JJ, Swieczkowski DM, Conley AJ, Truant JP. Fatty acids and derivatives as antimicrobial agents. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 1972 Jul;2(1):23-8.

"Glycerol monolaurate (GML) inhibits the expression of virulence factors in Staphylococus aureus and the induction of vancomycin resistance in Enterococcus faecalis, presumably by blocking signal transduction"

  • Taken from: Ruzin A, Novick RP. Equivalence of lauric acid and glycerol monolaurate as inhibitors of signal transduction in Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Bacteriology. 2000 May; 182(9):2668-71

Learn more about the benefits of Monolaurin and Bacterial Infections.

Monolaurin and Yeast, Fungi, and other Microbials

Monolaurin benefits from a number of clinical studies which explore its inhibitory effects against bacterial infections such as Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia garinii (which are known to cause Lyme Disease), Candida albicans (which can cause yeast infections), H. Pylori or Helicobacter Pylori (which causes Gastritis), C. difficile, Giardia lamblia, and Entamoeba histolytica (which can cause diarrhea).

"The most effective antimicrobial compounds against all morphological forms of the two tested Borrelia sp. were baicalein and monolaurin. This might indicate that the presence of fatty acid and phenyl groups is important for comprehensive antibacterial activity."

  • Taken from: Goc, A., Niedzwiecki, A. and Rath, M. (2015), In vitro evaluation of antibacterial activity of phytochemicals and micronutrients against Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia garinii. J Appl Microbiol, 119: 1561–1572. doi:10.1111/jam.12970

“The results from this study showed that lauric acid has an anti-microbial effect. It is most effective against Candida albicans and then staphylococcus followed by Aspergillus flavus...This goes to say that it is effective against fungus, several viruses and ... gram positive bacteria. The study proves that lauric acid is effective against viral, bacterial (gram positive) and fungal infections such as common cold, swine flu, genital herpes, blister etc.

  • Taken from: Ezigbo, Veronica O., Mbaegbu Emmanuella A. Extraction of Lauric Acid from Coconut Oil, Its Applications and Health Implications On Some Microorganisms. African Journal of Education, Science and Technology, April, 2016 Vol 3, No. 2 p144-147

Read more about the benefits of Monolaurin and Yeast infections.

Monolaurin and Skin Health

When Monolaurin is used to help with skin infections, it may act as an antiseptic that fights against the infection. Skin and mucosa are known as the barriers against pathogens that the body is exposed to. Without this barrier, the body may be at an elevated risk of infection.

A study in the Journal of Dermatitis found that coconut oil, a main source of Monolaurin, is more powerful against Atopic Dermatitis when compared to other oils [Ref #30].

Another study in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology demonstrated that Monolaurin extracts are potent against several bacterial species that can cause skin infections, including Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus spp.

In some experiments, the Monolaurin extracts were more potent against these bacteria as compared to conventional antibiotics [Ref #31]. On human skin, monolaurin acts as an antiseptic with broad-spectrum effects. 

Read more about Monolaurin Benefits and Skin Infections.

Monolaurin and Digestive Health Benefits

Gastritis and GERD (Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease)

H. Pylori (Helicobacter Pylori) is bacteria which infects the stomach and gut and can cause complications like Gastritis or even Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).

Research may demonstrate that monolaurin is highly effective in quickly killing and eliminating H. Pylori regardless of stomach pH [Ref #32]. Some studies show that monolaurin kills over 99.99% of gram negative bacteria including H. Pylori, and is accomplished safely with minimal side effects [Ref #33].

Read more about Gastritis and GERD.

Leaky Gut

In a leaky gut, the barrier inside the bowel that was once effective in the absorption of nutrients malfunctions and allows the entry of large molecules and germs producing a wide spectrum of symptoms. Leaky gut is associated with chronic fatigue syndrome, asthma, autism, lupus, multiple sclerosis, scleroderma, migraines and even food allergies [Ref #34]. In this situation, the gut microbiome is compromised. Monolaurin then becomes a key player in this sense.

A study [Ref #35] has found that consumption of medium-chain fatty acids such as monolaurin from coconut oil helped in remodeling the gut microbiome by altering the distribution of good bacteria where they were needed the most. In addition to this, taking monolaurin was also shown to have anti-obesity properties.

Read more about leaky gut.

Learn more about Digestive Health and Monolaurin.

Monolaurin and Lyme Disease

A 2015 in-vitro study tested monolaurin on the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia garinii (the bacteria which cause Lyme disease in humans) and concluded:

"The most effective antimicrobial compounds against all morphological forms of the two tested Borrelia sp. were baicalein and monolaurin. This might indicate that the presence of fatty acid and phenyl groups is important for comprehensive antibacterial activity." [Ref #36]

Full treatment protocols which leverage Monolaurin's strong antibacterial properties to treat Lyme have been prescribed by some medical professionals. One doctor and author, Dr. Richard Horowitz, whose clinic has treated over 12,000 patients over the past 26 years wrote about Monolaurin in his 2017 book:

"Monolaurin, a coconut oil extract, has also recently been shown to have the ability to significantly affect three morphological forms of Borrelia burgdoferi and Borrelia garinii: spirochetes, latent round body forms, and borrelia biofilms, while simultaneously deceasing yeast overgrowth in the GI tract." [Ref #37]

Learn more about Monolaurin and Lyme Disease.

Monolaurin and Biofilms

Biofilms often cause infections that are complex, chronic, and immune to antibiotic treatment. The effects of contamination are often widespread and costly: from clinical treatment infections to outbreaks like salmonella [Ref #38] and recurring fungal infection.

Monolaurin has been found effective in some strains of salmonella with single lipopolysaccharide layers. The lipopolysaccharide layers of biofilms are responsible for adhesion, growth, and protection of bacterial and fungal culture. Monolaurin's antibacterial properties can act as a biofilm disruptor in this layer. [Ref #39]

Read more on busting Biofilms

Monolaurin Sources

Breast Milk Source

Human breast milk is on average 6.2% lauric acid, and breastfeeding provides infants their first introduction to monolaurin.

Breastfeeding provides infants with nutrients for growth and development as well as immune protection to compensate for the immature and inexperienced defense mechanisms at mucosal surfaces [Ref #28].

Breast milk not only provides excellent nutritional value, it also plays a very important role in protecting and supporting the immune function of infants though its healthy fat content [Ref #29].

Lauric Acid levels in Breast Milk

Lauric acid levels in breast milk can vary. Many factors may contribute to higher or lower lauric acid detected in breast milk, which may include:

  1. Age: Mothers younger than 30 years old had higher levels of lauric acid detected in their breast milk compared to older mothers [Ref # 22]

  2. Diet: A high-carbohydrate diet could contribute to higher levels of lauric acid in breast milk [Ref #23, 24]. A low-fat diet may also contribute to higher levels of lauric acid [Ref # 25]

  3. Nationality or Ethnicity: In a study of 50 breast milk samples from women in nine different countries, women from The Philippines had almost twice the amount of lauric acid present in their breast milk compared to women from Australia, Canada, China, Chile, Japan, Mexico, the United Kingdom, or the United States [Ref # 26]

  4. Supplementation of fatty acids: Eating oils high in lauric acid (like coconut oil) has been shown to increase the presence of that acid in breast milk within 6 hours of consuming and remain elevated for 10-24 hours [Ref # 27]. Eating 40 grams (about 3 tablespoons) of coconut oil has been shown to increase lauric acid in the milk of a nursing mother from 3.9% to 9.6% after 14 hours. [Ref # 27]

  5. Delivery: Levels of lauric acid and other acids including myristic, alpha-linolenic, arachidonic, and eicosapentaenoic acid were significantly lower in women who had caesarean deliveries versus vaginal deliveries [Ref # 22]

Lean more about Monolaurin and Breast Milk.

Coconut Oil source

May people ask, “why don’t I just take coconut oil?”. Coconut oil contains around 40 to 50% of the medium chain fatty acid Lauric Acid, which when found on food labels is typically represented as C12. As indicated earlier in the article, it is unknown what percentage of Lauric Acid actually converts to Monolaurin in the body when consumed. This may require individuals to take many spoonsful of oil to achieve one dose of concentrated Monolaurin. Some people may find this unpleasant or inconvenient.

Take this simple example:

If one tablespoon of Coconut oil were converted to 50% Monolaurin, you would need to take 6.5 teaspoons of coconut oil to achieve the amount of Monolaurin in one 600mg capsule (assuming one teaspoon of coconut oil is 0.924 g/cm3 [grams per cubic centimeter] is approximately 184.8 milligrams). To get the equivalent of one daily therapeutic dose of six capsules, you would need to drink 0.81 cups of coconut oil per day(!).

How to choose the best Monolaurin

If you're looking to buy Monolaurin for the first time, compare monolaurin brands, research monolaurin reviews, we have put together a comprehensive buying guide for Monolaurin. There is more to buying Monolaurin than the capsule weight or count. Many factors should be considered when selecting a brand of Monolaurin.

Monolaurin Buying Checklist:

  1. Source of Monolaurin (Coconut vs. Palm): Look for a label which confirms coconut source - which may be higher quality and potency than palm kernel oil.

  2. Delivery of Monolaurin (Capsule vs. Pellets vs. Powder): Pellets may not fully digest, and power tastes way too soapy / bitter. Capsule is the most convenient, precise, and popular format for taking Monolaurin as a supplement.

  3. Milligrams per Capsule (300mg, 600mg, 800mg): Therapeutic doses of Monolaurin can get quite high, so a higher capsule fill might help reduce the need to swallow multiple capsules per day. Always note the serving size and “amount per serving”. Often, manufactures will increase a serving size to make the amount per serving appear larger (For example, a label claim of 990mg per dose is actually for two capsules - a mere 495mg per capsule).

  4. Capsule Count per Bottle (60, 90, 100 capsules): Since Monolaurin can be taken over long periods of time, and doses may increase during an infection or outbreak, having some extra capsules on hand can be advantageous. Although a bottle may have a high capsule count, be sure to observe how many milligrams are offered per capsule - you may be getting less product per bottle, despite a high capsule count.

  5. Excipient (Natural vs. Synthetic): Synthetic excipients like magnesium stearate (required for high speed encapsulation machines) are cheap but may come with unwanted side effects like stomach irritation or disrupting absorption. Natural rice powder can be used in place of these synthetics and will not cause unwanted side effects.

  6. Additives (Pure Formula vs. Bulk): Some manufacturers bulk up their products with unwanted additives like Inosine, Glycerol, Vitamin C, or Echinacea. While individually these additives may provide some benefit, they may also interfere with the Monolaurin delivery. When researching and deciding to buy Monolaurin, look for purity.

  7. Packaging Features (Safety and Quality Control Measures): An important but often overlooked component of supplements are the physical packaging and safety features put in place. When you buy monolaurin, always look for: desiccant pack, cotton pack, foil safety seal, protective neckband, Lot # and Expiration Date

  8. Manufacturing (Facility Location and Certifications): A GMP facility, FDA registered, and USA-made certifications provide a degree of confidence over non-certified manufacturing or foreign facilities.

  9. Label (Claims, Formatting, and Research): Always look for proper citations, label formatting, and research when selecting a Monolaurin brand, as this demonstrates FDA compliance and a well-managed operation

  10. Reviews (Opinion vs. Professional Research): Customer reviews should be taken with some healthy skepticism, as there are some unfortunate incidents of both positive and negative review manipulation by some competitors. More weight might be placed on well-documented published research and professional medical advice which is not opinion.

Read the full checklist in the Monolaurin Buying Guide.

How to take Monolaurin

Many of the most common questions are addressed in the Monolaurin Dosing Guide and FAQ Page.

How to take Monolaurin: Powder, Pellets, Capsules, or Pure Coconut Oil

There are many ways to get Monolaurin – through diet and supplementation. Some of the most common “delivery” methods are:

  • Pure Coconut Oil - Coconut oil contains around 49% lauric acid. Since lauric acid is converted into Monolaurin in the human body, you might assume you can get Monolaurin through coconut oil without taking a supplement. Unfortunately, it is difficult to estimate just how much of the Lauric Acid from coconut oil is converted to monolaurin, but one article suggests that it is less than 6%. Given a therapeutic dose of monolaurin can reach upwards of 3 to 9 grams of Monolaurin, one would need to consume an unrealistic 100 - 300 mL of coconut oil per day [Ref #19].

  • Pellets: Pellets may offer a high dose on the label, but they often pass though the digestive tract un-absorbed and may contain high amounts of potentially stomach-irritating glycerol. Pellets are relatively expensive and inconvenient to transport / fit in pill organizers.

  • Capsules: Capsules offer are precise dosage, are easy to transport, ensure complete digestion in the stomach and intestine, and come in either animal gelatin or vegetable cellulose formulas for those with vegetarian considerations.

  • Powder: Monolaurin by nature has a strong soapy and bitter taste. Taking Monolaurin in powder form, even when mixed with another substance like apple sauce, can be very unpleasant and is not recommended.

Read more on Monolaurin Delivery Options

Should Monolaurin be taken with or without food?

You can take monolaurin with or without food and with any liquid, without impact to efficacy or absorption.  You can take monolaurin on an empty stomach, however those with sensitive stomachs should take monolaurin with food as the supplement has a natural "soapy" taste which may be unpleasant to some.

When to take Monolaurin - Before, During, or After Symptoms

Buildup

For those new to Monolaurin (or supplements in general) and looking to avoid "die off" symptoms, a slow introduction and buildup of the supplement can help your body acclimate to the supplement and allow time to remove any dead microbe waste. It is recommended to start with low doses of Monolaurin and slowly build up to a therapeutic dose over time.

Maintenance

For those looking to preserve a healthy state and avoid future outbreaks or illness, taking a moderate level of Monolaurin daily may help avoid relapse or reinfection.

How long does it take Monolaurin to work?

Because every body is unique, there are no established timeline to see results from a supplement like Monolaurin. Some customers have observed changes in their immune health in several days, while others it takes several weeks. Any health routine requires patience and diligence to see the best results. Monolaurin should be taken alongside healthy lifestyle changes (such as more sleep, regular exercise, and better eating habits), and under the direction of a healthcare professional.

Taking Monolaurin for Long Periods

Monolaurin may be safe to take in a variety of doses and lengths of time. Monolaurin can be used to maintain good health over time, as research shows that the inhibitory benefits from Monolaurin can be reversed when the supplement is removed. Furthermore, Monolaurin has been shown to possess additive benefits, meaning when Monolaurin is combined with additional supplements or therapies health benefits are also increased [Ref # 20, 21].

Can you take too much Monolaurin?

The amount of Monolaurin an individual may need to consume before seeing a positive response will depend on a number of factors including age, weight, viral load / intensity of infection, and general sensitivity to supplements. Some people see a benefit from a single 600mg capsule per day, while others may take upwards of 3-5 grams. The type of infection (bacterial, viral, etc) may also impact the amount of Monolaurin to be taken. Starting with a low dose and gradually increasing until positive effects are realized is the recommended dosing protocol. If you have specific questions, there is a Dosing Guide for Monolaurin available on the site.

Read more about Taking too much Monolaurin.

Monolaurin in High Doses

Monolaurin may be taken at high levels for short periods of time. Some literature goes as far as suggesting a dosage of 3-9 grams per day is needed, which equates to upwards of 15 capsules [Ref #14]. While this may not be necessary or common, it should not be harmful. We do not recommend these elevated doses for extended periods of time. Everything should be in moderation.

Maximum dosage of Monolaurin

According to some literature sources, there is no defined upper limit of Monolaurin. Monolaurin is found naturally in coconut and palm oil, which has been used in personal and commercial food preparation and production. Monolaurin has been approved as "Generally Regarded As Safe" by the FDA [Ref #15], stating "In accordance with 184.1(b)(1), the ingredient is used in food with no limitation other than current good manufacturing practice. The affirmation of this ingredient as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) as a direct human food ingredient…" However, the FDA does not elaborate on any daily maximums. We do not recommend exceeding 6-9 grams / day for any length of time.

Monolaurin and Drug Resistance

Many bacteria and viruses can develop resistance to antibiotics or antivirals over time. This means that the prescription drugs may become less effective in treating or preventing the spread of the disease. Monolaurin has been shown in the lab to not create resistant bacteria or viruses and may even be effective at inactivating antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria and viruses where traditional drugs are ineffective. [Ref #: 16, 17, 18]

Children and Monolaurin

Clinical research and guidance do not include children, and therefore the safety and efficacy are unknown. It is not recommended to give Monolaurin to children.

Transporting Monolaurin

Some health products like probiotics can be sensitive to temperature – extreme heat or cold – which may be experienced during shipping, storage, travel, or in the home. The good news is that Monolaurin is a very hardy substance and tests indicate heat, cold, nor humidity effect the efficacy of the product

Monolaurin Side Effects

Monolaurin Side Effects

Herxheimer Reaction

Due to its potential immune stimulating function, monolaurin may unintentionally produce a side effect ironically similar to a cold or flu. This side effect is known as the Herxheimer (Herx, sometimes Herxing) Reaction or "Die off" symptom.

This complication is the result of a reaction to the rapid release of endotoxin-like products in the body caused by the death of various virus, bacteria, yeast, and other microbes. When microbes are destroyed by antibiotics or antiviral supplements like Monolaurin, proteins and cytokines are released which the immune system may have an inflammatory response.

The symptoms of a Monolaurin die-off or herx reaction are strikingly similar to the flu. This is your body's immune response to what it thinks is an infection. A typical herxing reaction or die-off symptoms include body aches, muscle pain, sore throat, sweating, lethargy, chills, nausea, and other flu-like symptoms. If symptoms get worse, this is not necessarily a sign that the treatment is not working - in fact, it could be the opposite - the treatment may be so effective at killing the infection your body is unable to process all the microbial waste.

The best method is to avoid a herx reaction in the first place by adopting a "low and slow" method of introducing supplements into your routine. If experiencing a due off or herx reaction you should consider reducing or limiting the supplement until your body is able to better cope with the die off and drink plenty of fluids to aid in the removal of cytokines and proteins in the system.

Read more about Monolaurin and the Herxheimer (Die off) Reaction.

Conclusion

Monolaurin has a long history of clinical research which seems to support its ability to positively support immune response. Monolaurin comes in many forms (capsule, pellet) and from various sources (coconut, palm oil), and varying standards of quality. Monolaurin may help individuals support their immune system, but dosing and observation of results will strongly depend on the individual. When choosing Monolaurin as a dietary supplement, care should be taken to find a trusted and established brand.

Monolaurin, like all supplements, should be taken under the supervision of a healthcare professional.

Ways to Buy

References

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  2. Isaacs CE, Kim KS, Thormar H. Inactivation of enveloped viruses in human bodily fluids by purified lipids. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1994 Jun 6;724:457-64.

  3. Ezigbo, Veronica O., Mbaegbu Emmanuella A. Extraction of Lauric Acid from Coconut Oil, Its Applications and Health Implications On Some Microorganisms. African Journal of Education, Science and Technology, April, 2016 Vol 3, No. 2 p144-147

  4. Hierholzer, J.C. and Kabara, J.J. In Vitro Effects of Monolaurin Compounds on Enveloped RNA and DNA Viruses. Journal of Food Safety 4:1-12 (1982)

  5. Goc, A., Niedzwiecki, A. and Rath, M. (2015), In vitro evaluation of antibacterial activity of phytochemicals and micronutrients against Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia garinii. J Appl Microbiol, 119: 1561–1572. doi:10.1111/jam.12970

  6. FDA : 21CFR184.1505 ; https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?fr=184.1505

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  8. Pinyaphong, P., Sriburi, P., & Phutrakul, S. “Synthesis of Monoacylglycerol from Glycerolysis of Crude Glycerol with Coconut Oil Catalyzed by Carica papaya Lipase.” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Chemical and Molecular Engineering. Vol:6, No:10, 2012

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  15. FDA : 21CFR184.1505 ; https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?fr=184.1505

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